The Iron Captains

Cautionary note: This listing includes many assumptions and estimated dates.



Union Ironclad Commanders

A Note On Ranks: The rank system prior to 1862 was as follows: Midshipman, Passed Midshipman, Master, Lieutenant, Commander, Captain. From 1862 on, it became Ensign, Master, Lieutenant, Lieutenant Commander, Captain, Commodore, Rear Admiral. During the war, there were also the ranks of Acting Ensign, Acting Master, and Acting Lieutenant for volunteers who served until the end of the war and were then discharged (though a few officers did receive permanent commissions). Though a Lieutenant outranked an Acting Lieutenant, the position filled was much the same and the distinction is ignored below, as is the distinction between Midshipman, Passed Midshipman, and Acting Midshipman. This is done in the interest of brevity. The rank of Master is generally ignored in the following list as well, largely because the majority of officers who commanded ironclads were long past that rank by the time of the Civil War. (The rank was replaced in later years by the rank of Lieutenant (Junior Grade).) Previously, a Lieutenant commanding a vessel was often referred to as a "Lieutenant-Commanding" and a Captain in charge of several vessels was referred to as a "Commodore" but neither of these were official ranks until 1862.

Ammen, Daniel: Midn. 7 Jul 36. Lt. 4 Nov 49. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Capt. 25 Jul 66. Commo. 1 Apr 72. RAdm. 11 Dec 77. Retired 4 Jun 78. Died 11 Jul 98. USS Patapsco (Oct 62-Jun 63).

Bache, George Mifflin: Midn. 19 Nov 57. Lt. 16 Jul 62. Lt. Cdr. 25 Jul 66. Cdr. 5 Apr 75. Retired 5 Apr 75. Died 11 Feb 96. USS Cincinnati (Nov 62-Jun 63).

Bacon, George: Midn. 1 Oct 50. Lt. 26 Oct 58. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Resigned 6 Jun 65. USS Louisville (Oct 64-May 65).

Badger, Oscar C.: Midn. 9 Sep 41. Lt. 15 Sep 55. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Cdr. 25 Jul 66. Capt. 25 Nov 72. Commo. 15 Nov 81. Retired 12 Aug 85. Died 20 Jun 99. USS Montauk (Aug 63).

Bankhead, John P.: Midn. 10 Aug 38. Lt. 7 Apr 52. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Capt. 25 Jul 66. Died 27 Apr 67. USS Monitor (Oct-Dec 62).

Barrett, Edward: Midn. 3 Nov 40. Lt. 14 Sep 55. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Cdr. 6 Feb 66. Capt. 7 May 71. Commo. 11 Jun 79. Died 31 Mar 80. USS Catskill (late 64-mid 65).

Beaumont, John Colt: Midn. 1 Mar 38. Lt. 29 Aug 52. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Retired (temporarily) 27 Apr 68. Capt. (active) 10 Jun 72. Commo. 14 Jun 74. RAdm. 25 Nov 81. Retired 3 Feb 82. Died 2 Aug 82. USS Nantucket (Apr-Oct 63).

Belknap, George Eugene: Midn. 7 Oct 47. Lt. 16 Sep 55. Lt. Cdr. 10 Jul 62. Cdr. 25 Jul 66. Capt. 25 Jan 75. Commo. 2 Jun 85. RAdm. 12 Feb 89. Retired 22 Jan 94. Died 7 Apr 1903. USS Canonicus (Nov 64-Jun 65).

Brown, George: Midn. 5 Feb 49. Lt. 2 Jun 56. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Cdr. 25 Jul 66. Capt. 25 Apr 77. Commo. 4 Sep 87. RAdm. 27 Sep 93. Retired 19 Jun 97. Died 29 Jun 1913. USS Indianola (Oct 62-Feb 63), USS Cincinnati (Mar-May 65).

Browne, George W.: Lt. 26 Aug 61. Disrated 14 May 62 to Acting Master. Appointment revoked (sick) 18 Apr 64. USS Ozark (Mar 64-Mar 65).

Bryant, Nathaniel C.: Midn. 23 Dec 37. Lt. 7 Aug 50. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Died 19 Sep 74. USS Cairo (Jan-Aug 62).

Bryson, Andrew: Midn. 1 Dec 37. Lt. 30 Aug 51. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Capt. 25 Jul 66. Commo. 14 Feb 73. RAdm. 25 Mar 80. Retired 30 Jan 83. Died 7 Feb 92. USS Lehigh (Aug 63-Apr 64), USS Essex (Oct 64-Jun 65).

Bunce, Francis M.: Midn. 28 May 52. Lt. 11 Apr 61. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jan 63. Cdr. 2 Nov 71. Capt. 11 Jan 83. Commo. 1 May 95. RAdm. 6 Feb 98. Retired 25 Dec 98. USS Lehigh (Apr-May 64).

Caldwell, Charles Henry Bromedge: Midn. 27 Feb 38. Lt. 4 Sep 52. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Capt. 12 Dec 67. Commo. 14 Jun 74. Died 30 Nov 77. USS Essex (Sep 62-Jul 63).

Carpenter, Charles Carroll: Midn. 1 Oct 50. Lt. 23 Jan 58. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Cdr. 10 Feb 69. Capt. 25 Mar 80. Commo. 15 May 93. RAdm. 11 Nov 94. Retired 27 Feb 96. Died 1 Apr 99. USS Catskill (Sep-Oct 63).

Chandler, Ralph: Midn. 27 Sep 45. Lt. 16 Sep 55. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Cdr. 25 Jul 66. Capt. 5 Jun 74. Commo. 1 Mar 84. RAdm. 7 Oct 86. Died 11 Feb 89. USS Sangamon (Jan-Jun 65).

Cilley, Greenleaf: Midn. 26 Feb 41. Lt. 15 Sep 55. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Retired 18 Mar 65. Cdr. on Retired List. Died 5 Feb 1899. USS Catskill (Oct-Dec 63).

Clark, Charles P.: Acting Ensign 3 Oct 62. Lt. 9 Aug 64. Honorably discharged 20 Nov 65. USS Carondelet (Jan 65).

Coleman, Silas B.: Acting Ensign 1 Oct 62. Acting Master 15 Jun 64. Honorably discharged 12 Dec 65. USS Mound City (Dec 64-Jan 65).

Colhoun, Edmund Ross: Midn. 1 Apr 39. Resigned 27 Jun 53. Lt. 24 Sep 61. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Capt. 2 Mar 69. Commo. 26 Apr 76. RAdm. 3 Dec 82. Retired 6 May 83. Died 17 Feb 97. USS Weehawken (Jun-Dec 63), USS Saugus (Feb-Dec 64).

Cooper, George Henry: Midn. 4 Aug 37. Lt. 8 May 51. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Capt. 2 Dec 67. Commo. 5 Jun 74. RAdm. 15 Nov 81. Retired 27 Jul 84. Died 17 Nov 91. USS Sangamon, (Mar-Jun 64).

Cornwell, John J.: Midn. 1 Feb 47. Lt. 16 Sep 55. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Cdr. 25 Jul 66. Died 12 Feb 67. USS Nahant (Sep 63-Apr 64), USS Choctaw (Oct 64-May 65).

Couthouy, Joseph P.: Lt. 26 Aug 61. Died at Grand Ecore LA from wounds received in action, 4 Apr 64. USS Osage (Jul-Oct 63), USS Chillicothe (Nov 63-Apr 64).

Craven, Tunis A.M.: Midn. 2 Feb 29. Lt. 8 Sep 41. Cdr. 24 Apr 61. Killed at Battle of Mobile Bay, 5 Aug 64. USS Tecumseh (Apr-Aug 64).

Cromwell, Bartlett Jefferson: Midn. 21 Sep 57. Lt. 16 Jul 62. Lt. Cdr. 25 Jul 66. Cdr. 24 Oct 74. Capt. 26 Mar 89. Commo. 10 Aug 98. RAdm. 3 Mar 99. Died 24 Jun 1917. USS Atlanta (Jun-Oct 63).

Crosby, Peirce: Midn. 5 Jun 38. Lt. 3 Sep 53. Cdr. 22 Sep 62. Capt. 27 May 68. Commo. 3 Oct 74. RAdm. 10 Mar 82. Retired 29 Oct 83. Died 15 Jun 99. USS Sangamon (Nov 62-Jan 63).

Cushman, Charles H.: Midn. 24 Mar 49. Lt. 8 Feb 56. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Cdr. 25 Jul 66. Retired 24 Apr 77. Died 11 Nov 83. USS Onondaga (mid 64).

Davis, John Lee: Midn. 9 Jan 41. Lt. 15 Sep 55. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Cdr. 25 Jul 66. Capt. 14 Feb 73. Commo. 4 Feb 82. RAdm. 30 Oct 85. Retired 3 Sep 87. Died 12 Mar 89. USS Montauk (Aug 63-May 64).

Dove, Benjamin M.: Midn. 1 Dec 26. Lt. 9 Dec 39. Cdr. 14 Sep 55. Retired 1 Oct 64. Capt. on Retired List 4 Apr 67. Died 19 Nov 68. USS Louisville (Jan-Sep 62).

Downes, John: Midn. 4 Sep 37. Lt. 30 Aug 51. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Died 21 Sep 65. USS Nahant (Dec 62-Aug 63).

Drayton, Percival: Midn. 1 Dec 27. Lt. 28 Feb 38. Cdr. 14 Sep 55. Capt. 16 Jul 62. Died 4 Aug 65. USS Passaic (Dec 62-May 63).

Duble, John A.: USS Mound City (Jun-Jul 62).

Erben, Henry: Midn. 17 Jun 48. Lt. 27 Dec 56. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 82. Cdr. 6 May 68. Capt. 1 Nov 79. Commo. 3 Apr 92. RAdm. 31 Jul 94. Retired 6 Sep 94. Died 23 Oct 1909. USS St. Louis (Apr-Jun 62), USS Tunxis (Jul-Sep 64).

Eytinge, Henry St.C.: Lt. 26 Aug 61. Appointment revoked 1 Dec 63. USS Chillicothe (Sep-Oct 63).

Fairfax, Donald MacNeill: Midn. 12 Aug 37. Lt. 26 Feb 51. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Capt. 25 Jul 66. Commo. 24 Aug 73. RAdm. 11 Jul 80. Retired 30 Sep 81. Died 10 Jan 94. USS Nantucket (Jan-Apr 63), USS Montauk (Apr-Aug 63).

Febigber, John Carson: Midn. 4 Sep 38. Lt. 30 Apr 53. Cdr. 27 Aug 62. Capt. 6 May 68. Commo. 9 Aug 74. RAdm. 4 Feb 82. Retired 1 Jul 82. Died 9 Oct 98. USS Osage (May-Jul 63).

Fillebrown, Thomas Scott: Midn. 19 Oct 41. Lt. 15 Sep 55. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Cdr. 25 Jul 66. Capt. 6 Jan 74. Commo. 7 May 83. Died 26 Sep 84. USS Passaic (Jun 64-Jan 65).

Fitzpatrick, James: Acting Master 1 Oct 62. Honorably discharged 6 Dec 68. USS Chickasaw (May-Jul 64).

Foster, James P.: Midn. 14 May 46. Lt. 16 Sep 55. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Cdr. 25 Jul 66. Died 2 Jun 69. USS Chillicothe (Nov 62-Sep 63), USS Lafayette (Sep 63-May 65).

Gamble, William M.: Midn. 1 Mar 41. Lt. 15 Sep 55. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Retired 26 Apr 66. Cdr. on Retired List 4 Apr 67. Died 19 Oct 96. USS Osage (early 65).

Gansevoort, Guert: Midn. 4 Mar 23. Lt. 8 Mar 37. Cdr. 14 Sep 55. Capt. 16 Jul 62. Retired 28 Jan 67. Commo. on Retired List. Died 15 Jul 68. USS Roanoke (early 64).

Gibson, William: Midn. 11 Feb 41. Lt. 15 Sep 55. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Retired 26 Apr 67. Cdr. on Retired List 27 Apr 67. Lt. Cdr. on Active List 12 Dec 78. Cdr. 13 Jan 79. Retired again 25 May 87. Died 23 Oct 87. USS Catskill (Dec 63-Jan 64), USS Lehigh (May 64).

Gillis, James H.: Midn. 12 Oct 48. Lt. 17 Sep 55. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Cdr. 25 Jul 66. Capt. 30 Sep 76. Commo. 29 Jan 87. Retired 14 May 93. USS Milwaukee (early 65).

Gipson, James C.: Acting Ensign 1 Oct 62. Acting Master 24 Oct 63. Lt. 9 Jul 64. Honorably discharged 14 Nov 65. USS Carondelet (Nov 63-Jan 64).

Goudy, Jason: Lt. 1 Oct 62. Died 28 Mar 65. USS Cincinnati (late 64-Mar 65).

Grafton, Edward C.: Midn. 5 Oct 41. Lt. 15 Sep 55. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Cdr. 20 Dec 66. Retired 18 Jan 71. Died 24 Jun 76. USS Manhattan (early 65).

Greer, James Augustin: Midn. 10 Jan 48. Lt. 16 Sep 55. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Cdr. 25 Jul 66. Capt. 26 Apr 76. Commo. 19 May 86. RAdm. 3 Apr 92. Retired 28 Feb 95. Died 17 Jun 1904. USS Carondelet (Jan-Feb 63), USS Benton (Mar 63-Sep 64).

Gwin, William: Midn. 7 Apr 47. Lt. 16 Sep 55. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Killed in battle 3 Jan 63. USS Mound City (Aug-Sep 62), USS Benton (Sep-Dec 62).

Hall, John P.: Midn. 29 Dec 40. Lt. by early 62. Died 8 Sep 62. USS Cincinnati (May-Jun 62).

Harrison, Napoleon B.: Midn. 27 Feb 38. Lt. 6 Jan 53. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Capt. 28 Apr 68. Died 27 Oct 70. USS Catskill (Feb-late 64).

Hoel, William R.: Lt. 29 Apr 62. Lt. Cdr. 10 Nov 64. Honorably discharged 30 Dec 65. Hoel was the only volunteer officer to be promoted to Lt. Cdr. (technically Acting Volunteer Lt. Cdr.). USS Pittsburg (Oct 62-Feb 65).

Howard, Samuel: Acting Master 9 Oct 61. Lt. 5 Jun 62. Honorably discharged 4 Nov 68. USS Neosho (Sep 63-May 65).

Howell, John Cumming: Midn. 9 Jun 36. Lt. 2 Aug 49. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Capt. 25 Jul 66. Commo. 29 Jan 72. RAdm. 25 Apr 77. Retired 24 Nov 81. Died 12 Sep 92. USS Lehigh (Feb-Jul 63).

Jeffers, William N.: Midn. 25 Sep 40. Lt. 30 Jan 55. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Cdr. 3 Mar 65. Capt. 13 Jul 70. Commo. 26 Feb 78. Died 23 Jul 83. USS Monitor (Mar-Sep 62).

Johnson, ?: USS Lehigh (Jun-Jul 64), USS Montauk (Jul-Aug 64).

Jones, Meriwether P.: Midn. 9 Sep 41. Lt. 15 Sep 55. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Died 11 Apr 66. USS Kickapoo (early 65).

Kilty, Augustus H.: Midn. 4 Jul 21. Lt. 6 Sep 37. Reserved List 13 Sep 55. Cdr. on Active List 6 Jan 59. Capt. 16 Jul 62. Commo. 25 Jul 66. Retired 25 Nov 68. RAdm. on Retired List 13 Jul 70. Died 10 Nov 79. USS Mound City (Jan-Aug 62), USS Roanoke (Sep 64-Jun 65).

Kirkland, William Alexander: Midn. 2 Jul 50. Lt. 18 Mar 58. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Cdr. 2 Mar 69. Capt. 1 Apr 80. RAdm. 1 Mar 95. Retired 3 Jul 98. Died 12 Aug 98. Middle name "Ashe" in some records. USS Winnebago (Nov 64-Jul 65).

Langthorne, Amos R.: Acting Master 16 Dec 61. Lt. 29 Jan 63. Honorably discharged 6 Mar 66. USS Mound City (Feb-Nov 64).

Lewis, Robert F.R.: Midn. 19 Oct 41. Lt. 15 Sep 55. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Cdr. 29 Jan 67. Capt. 26 Feb 78. Died 23 Feb 81. USS Nantucket (Jan-May 65).

Lord, George P.: Lt. 1 Oct 62. Honorably discharged 20 Feb 66. USS Benton (Jan-Feb 63), USS Chillicothe (Jul 64-May 65).

Luce, Stephen Bleecker: Midn. 19 Oct 41. Lt. 16 Sep 55. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Cdr. 25 Jul 66. Capt. 28 Dec 72. Commo. 25 Nov 81. RAdm. 5 Oct 85. Retired 25 Mar 89. USS Nantucket (Oct 63-Aug 64).

Lull, Edward P.: Midn. 7 Oct 51.. Lt. 30 Oct 60. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Cdr. 10 Jun 70. Capt. 1 Oct 81. Died 5 Mar 87. USS Tennessee (late 64-early 65).

McCauley, Edward Yorke: Midn. 9 Sep 41. Lt. 14 Sep 55. Resigned 19 Aug 59. Acting Lt. 11 May 61. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Cdr. 27 Sep 66. Capt. 3 Sep 72. Commo. 7 Aug 81. RAdm. 2 May 85. Retired 25 Jan 87. Died 14 Sep 94. USS Benton (Nov 64-Jun 65).

McGunnegle, Wilson: Midn. 10 Dec 45. Lt. 16 Sep 55. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Died 2 Apr 63. USS St. Louis (May-Jul 62).

Madigan, John, Jr.: Midn. 19 Feb 40. Lt. 14 Sep 55. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Cdr. 22 Sep 65. Died 22 Oct 70. USS Patapsco (early-mid 64).

Magune, James H.: Acting Master 14 Aug 61. Lt. 17 Aug 64. Honorably discharged 29 Nov 65. USS Milwaukee (late 64).

May, Robert L.: Midn. 7 Nov 49. Lt. 26 Sep 56. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Retired 21 Apr 66. USS Benton (Oct 64).

Mayo, William Kennon: Midn. 18 Oct 41. Lt. 15 Sep 55. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Cdr. 25 Jul 66. Capt. 12 Dec 73. Commo. 2 Jul 82. Retired 18 May 86. Died 9 Apr 1900. USS Nahant (Jul 64-May 65).

Meade, Richard W., Jr.: Midn. 2 Oct 50. Lt. 23 Jan 58. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Cdr. 20 Sep 68. Capt. 13 Mar 80. Commo. 5 May 92. RAdm. 7 Sep 94. Retird 20 May 95. Died 4 May 97. USS Louisville (Sep-Dec 62).

Miller, Charles W.: Acting Ensign 1 Aug 63. Acting Master 18 May 64. Honorably discharged 27 Sep 65. USS Carondelet (Dec 64).

Miller, Joseph N.: Midn. 10 Jun 54. Lt. 19 Feb 60. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Cdr. 25 Jan 70. Capt. 28 May 81. Commo. 16 Apr 94. RAdm. 21 Mar 97. Retired 22 Nov 98. USS Sangamon (Jan-Feb 64), USS Nahant (May-Jul 64).

Mitchell, John G.: Midn. 2 Oct 50. Lt. 23 Jan 58. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Killed 22 Oct 68. USS Carondelet (Feb-Nov 64).

Morgan, ?: Acting Master. USS Pittsburg (Mar-May 65).

Murphy, John McLeod: Midn. 18 Feb 41. Resigned 10 May 52. Acting Lt. 4 Dec 62. Resigned 30 Jul 64. USS Carondelet (Mar-Oct 63).

Newman, L. Howard: Midn. 24 Sep 47. Lt. 16 Sep 55. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Died 31 May 66. USS Nantucket (Apr 63).

Nichols, Edward Tattnall: Midn. 14 Dec 36. Lt. 13 Mar 50. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Capt. 25 Jul 66. Commo. 24 May 72. RAdm. 26 Feb 78. Retired 1 Mar 85. Died 1 Oct 86. USS Passaic (Apr 65).

Nicholson, James William Augustus: Midn. 10 Feb 38. Lt. 24 Apr 52. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Capt. 25 Jul 66. Commo. 8 Nov 73. RAdm. 1 Oct 81. Retired 10 Mar 83. Died 28 Oct 87. USS Manhattan (Jan-Dec 64).

Owen, Elias K.: Midn. 7 Dec 48. Lt. 16 Sep 55. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Cdr. 25 Jul 66. Retired 9 Jun 76. Died 8 Apr 77. USS Louisville (Dec 62-Sep 64).

Parker, William A.: Midn. 3 Jul 32. Lt. 16 May 43. Cdr. 28 Jun 61. Retired 23 Dec 65. Capt. on Retired List 4 Apr 67. Died 24 Oct 82. USS Onondaga (early 65).

Parrott, Enoch Greenleafe: Midn. 10 Dec 31. Lt. 8 Sep 41. Cdr. 24 Apr 61. Capt. 25 Jul 66. Commo. 22 Apr 70. RAdm. 8 Nov 73. Retired 4 Apr 74. Died 10 May 79. USS Canonicus (Sep 63-Feb 65), USS Monadnock (Feb 65), USS Agamenticus (May-Jun 65).

Patterson, Griffith W.D.: Acting Master 5 Oct 61. Lt. 1 Jun 64. Honorably discharged 14 Dec 65. Acting Master 13 Aug 67. Mustered out 1 Jul 68. USS Mound City (Dec 64-May 65).

Paulding, Leonard: Midn. 19 Dec 40. Lt. 14 Sep 55. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Cdr. 24 Dec 65. Died 29 Apr 67. USS St. Louis (Jan-May 62), USS Galena (Oct 62-Feb 63).

Perkins, George Hamilton: Midn. 1 Oct 51. Lt. 2 Feb 61. Lt. Cdr. 30 Dec 62. Cdr. 19 Jan 71. Capt. 10 Mar 82. Retired 1 Oct 91. Commo. on Retired List 9 May 96. Died 28 Oct 99. USS Chickasaw (Aug 64-May 65).

Phelps, Seth Ledyard: Midn. 19 Oct 41. Lt. 1 Sep 55. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Resigned 19 Oct 64. USS Benton (Mar-Sep 62), USS Eastport (Sep 62-Mar 64).

Phelps, Thomas Stowell, Sr.: Midn. 7 Jan 40. Lt. 14 Sep 55. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Cdr. 5 Aug 65. Capt. 19 Jan 71. Commo. 13 Jan 79, RAdm. 1 Mar 84. Retired 2 Nov 84. Died 10 Jan 1901. USS Saugus, (Dec 64-Jan 65).

Phythian, Robert L. Midn. 28 Jan 53. Lt. 25 Dec 60. LtCdr. 16 Jul 62. Cdr. 13 Jul 70. Capt. 15 Nov 81. Commo. 7 Sep 94. Retired 21 Jul 97. USS New Ironsides (Mar-Apr 65).

Picking, Henry Ferry: Midn. 28 Sep 57. Lt. 16 Jul 62. Lt. Cdr. 15 Jul 66. Cdr. 15 Jan 75. Capt. 4 Aug 89. Commo. 22 Nov 98. RAdm. 3 Mar 99. Died 8 Sep 99. USS Nahant (Feb-Jun 65).

Porter, William D.: Midn. 1 Jan 23. Lt. 31 Dec 33. Cdr. 14 Sep 55. Commo. 16 Jul 62. Died 1 May 64. USS Essex (Dec 61-Sep 62).

Potter, Edward E.: Midn. 5 Feb 50. Lt. 9 Jul 58. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Cdr. 3 Jun 69. Capt. 11 Jul 80. Commo. 27 Sep 93. Retired 9 May 95. USS Mahopac (late 64).

Powell, John: Acting Ensign 22 Apr 63. Acting Master 18 Jan 64. Honorably discharged 15 Nov 65. USS Ozark (Apr-May 65).

Quakenbush, Stephen Platt: Midn. 15 Feb 40. Lt. 15 Sep 55. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Cdr. 25 Jul 66. Capt. 25 Jul 71. Commo. 13 Mar 80. RAdm. 28 Jul 84. Retired 23 Jan 85. Died 4 Feb 1890. USS Patapsco (Dec 64-Mar 65).

Radford, William: Midn. 1 Mar 25. Lt. 9 Feb 37. Cdr. 14 Sep 55. Capt. 16 Jul 62. Commo. 24 Apr 63. RAdm. 25 Jul 66. Retire 1 Mar 70. Died 8 Jan 90. USS New Ironsides (Aug 64-Apr 65).

Ramsay, Francis Munroe: Midn. 5 Oct 50. Lt. 23 Jan 58. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Cdr. 25 Jul 66. Capt. 1 Dec 77. Commo. 26 Mar 89. RAdm. 11 Apr 94. Retired 5 Apr 97. USS Choctaw (Mar 63-Sep 64).

Rhind, Alexander Colden: Midn. 3 Sep 38. Lt. 17 Feb 54. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Cdr. 2 Jan 63. Capt. 2 Mar 70. Commo. 30 Sep 76. RAdm. 30 Oct 83. Retired 31 Oct 83. Died 8 Nov 97. USS Keokuk (Oct 62-Apr 63).

Riley, Robert K.: Lt. 1 Oct 62. Resigned 16 Feb 63. USS Louisville (Dec 62).

Rodgers, George W.: Midn. 14 Oct 39. Lt. 4 Jun 50. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Killed in attack on Fort Sumter, 17 Aug 63. USS Catskill (Feb-Aug 63).

Rodgers, John: Midn. 18 Apr 28. Lt. 28 Jan 40. Cdr. 14 Sep 55. Capt. 16 Jul 62. Commo. 17 Jun 63. RAdm. 31 Dec 69. Died 5 May 82. USS Galena (Apr-Nov 62), USS Weehawken (Nov 62-Jun 63), USS Canonicus (Jul-Sep 63), USS Dictator (Nov 64-mid 65).

Rogers, George W.: Acting Ensign 1 Oct 62. Acting Master 16 Par 63. Lt. 9 Jul 64. Honorably discharged 15 Dec 68. USS Osage (Sep 64-Jan 65).

Rogers, John: Acting Ensign 30 Oct 62. Acting Master 21 Aug 63. Lt. 16 Jul 64. Honorably discharged 21 Sep 65. USS Carondelet (Feb-May 65).

Rowan, Stephen Clegg: Midn. 1 Feb 26. Lt. 8 Mar 37. Cdr. 14 Sep 55. Commo. 16 Jul 62. RAdm. 25 Jul 66. Vice Admiral 15 Aug 70. Retired 26 Feb 89. died 31 Mar 90. USS New Ironsides (Jul 63-Jul 64).

Sands, Benjamin Franklin: Midn. 1 Apr 28. Lt. 16 Mar 40. Cdr. 14 Sep 55. Capt. 16 Jul 62. Commo. 25 Jul 66. RAdm. 27 Apr 71. Retired 11 Feb 74. Died 30 Jun 83. USS Roanoke (Jun-Jul 63).

Scott, Robert W.: Midn. 9 Sep 41. Lt. 16 Sep 55. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Died 5 Jan 66. USS Passaic (Feb-Mar 65).

Selfridge, Thomas O., Jr.: Midn. 3 Oct 51. Lt. 15 Feb 60. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Cdr. 31 Dec 69. Capt. 24 Feb 81. Commo. 11 Apr 94. RAdm. 28 Feb 96. Retired 6 Feb 98. Died 4 Feb 1924. USS Monitor (temporary, Mar 62), USS Cairo (Aug-Dec 62), USS Osage (Mar-May 64).

Semmes, Alexander A.: Midn. 27 Oct 41. Lt. 15 Sep 55. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Cdr. 25 Jul 66. Capt. 24 Aug 73. Comodore 10 Mar 82. Died 22 Sep 85. USS Lehigh (Aug 64-Mar 65).

Shankland, William F.: Acting Master 16 Jun 61. Lt. 20 Apr 64. Honorably discharged 24 Oct 64. USS Winnebago (late 64-Nov 64).

Shirk, James W.: Midn. 26 Mar 49. Lt. 5 Nov 56. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Cdr. 25 Jul 66. Died 10 Feb 73. USS Tuscumbia (Mar-Oct 63).

Simpson, Edward: Midn. 11 Feb 40. Lt. 18 Apr 55. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Cdr. 3 Mar 65. Capt. 15 Aug 70. Commo. 26 Apr 78. RAdm. 9 Feb 84. Retired 3 Mar 86. Died 1 Dec 88. USS Passaic (Jun 63-May 64).

Smith, ?: Acting Master. USS Chillicothe (Apr-Jun 64).

Stembel, Roger Nelson: Midn. 27 Mar 32. Lt. 26 Oct 43. Cdr. 14 Sep 55. Capt. 25 Jul 66. Commo. 13 Jul 70. Retired 27 Dec 72. RAdm. on Retired List 5 Jun 74. Died 20 Nov 1900. USS Cincinnati (Jan-May 62).

Stevens, Thomas Holdup: Midn. 14 Dec 36. Lt. 10 May 49. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Capt. 25 Jul 66. Commo. 20 Nov 72. RAdm. 27 Oct 79. Retired 27 May 81. Died 15 May 96. USS Monitor (Sep 62), USS Patapsco (Aug 63-Apr 64), USS Winnebago (Aug 64).

Stone, Edward E.: Midn. 19 Oct 41. Lt. 15 Sep 55. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Cdr. 25 Jul 66. Retired 5 Jan 74. Died 18 Jun 92. USS Montauk (Sep 64-early 65).

Thompson, Egbert: Midn. 13 Mar 37. Lt. 3 Oct 50. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Capt. 25 Jul 66. Retired 5 Jan 74. Died 5 Jan 81. USS Pittsburg (Jan-Sep 62).

Townsend, Robert: Midn. 1 Aug 37. Lt. 11 Oct 50. Resigned 7 Apr 51. Acting. Lt. 17 Sep 61. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Capt. 25 Jul 66. Died 15 Aug 66. USS Essex (Aug 63-Sep 64).

Turner, Thomas: Midn. 21 Apr 25. Lt. 22 Dec 35. Cdr. 14 Sep 55. Capt. 16 Jul 62. Commo. 13 Dec 62. RAdm. 27 May 68. Retired 21 Apr 70. Died 24 Mar 83. USS New Ironsides (Jun 62-Jul 63).

Walke, Henry: Midn. 1 Feb 27. Lt. 9 Dec 39. Cdr. 14 Sep 55. Capt. 16 Jul 62. Commo. 25 Jul 66. RAdm. 13 Jul 70. Retired 26 Apr 71. Died 8 Mar 96. USS Carondelet (Jan 62-Jan 63), USS Lafayette (Feb-Aug 63).

Walker, John Grimes: Midn. 5 Oct 50. Lt. 23 Jan 58. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Cdr. 25 Jul 66. Capt. 25 Jun 77. Commo. 12 Feb 89. RAdm. 23 Jan 94. Retired 20 Mar 97. Died 15 Sep 1907. USS Baron de Kalb (ex-St. Louis) (Oct 62-Aug 63).

Weaver, Aaron Ward: Midn. 10 May 48. Lt. 11 Sep 55. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Cdr. 25 Jul 66. Capt. 8 Aug 76. Commo. 7 Oct 86. RAdm. 27 Jun 93. Retired 26 Sep 93. USS Mahopac (Aug 64-May 65).

Williams, ?: Lt. Cdr.? USS Passaic (May 65).

Wilson, Byron: Midn. 31 Jan 53. Lt. 16 Apr 61. Lt. Cdr. 5 Nov 63. Cdr. 20 Jan 72. Capt. 23 Apr 83. Retired 24 Feb 93. Died 6 Sep 93. USS Cincinnati (Jul-Oct 62), USS Mound City (Oct 62-Jan 64).

Winslow, John Ancrum: Midn. 1 Feb 27. Lt. 9 Dec 39. Cdr. 14 Sep 55. Capt. 16 Jul 62. Commo. 19 Jun 64. RAdm. 2 Mar 70. Died 29 Sep 73. USS St. Louis (Jul-Oct 62).

Woods, David C.: Acting Master 13 May 61. Lt. 6 Jan 64. Honorably discharged 10 Sep 65. USS Kickapoo (late 64).

Woodward, Thomas J.: Acting Master 23 Sep 61. Lt. 1 Aug 62. Honorably discharged 12 Sep 65. USS Atlanta (late 64-early 65).

Worden, John Lorimer: Midn. 10 Jan 34. Lt. 30 Nov 46. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Capt. 3 Feb 63. Commo. 27 May 68. RAdm. 20 Nov 72. Retired 23 Dec 86. Died 18 Oct 97. USS Monitor (Feb-Mar 62), USS Montauk (Oct 62-Apr 63).

Wright, ?: Lt.? USS Osage (Nov 63-Feb 64).

Young, Jonathan: Midn. 19 Oct 41. Lt. 15 Sep 55. Lt. Cdr. 16 Jul 62. Cdr. 25 Jul 66. Capt. 8 Nov 73. Commo. 19 Jun 82. Died 17 May 85. USS Sangamon (Jul 64-Jan 65).


Confederate Ironclad Commanders

Although the majority of naval officers remained with the Union, a number of highly skilled and experienced officers went with their states upon secession. Many of their letters of resignation were ignored by the Secretary of the Navy, and they were summarily dismissed from the service instead. Though there were some important Confederate naval officers who never commanded an ironclad (including Raphael Semmes, John Wilkinson, and James D. Bulloch), the following group represents a majority of the top-notch officers of the Southern Navy.

The Confederacy technically had two separate naval organizations, the Navy and the Provisional Navy. The latter was created so that younger and more successful officers could move up the ranks unimpeded by older, ineffective officers. All of the following officers were in the Provisional Navy. Also, many officers served some time in state navies, but as no state navies operated ironclads, this is ignored in the following list.

Bennett, John W.: (USN) Midn. 10 Feb 40. Lt. 14 Sep 55. Dismissed 19 Apr 61. (CSN) Lt. 20 Jun 61. CSS Nashville (late 64-May 65).

Brent, Thomas W.: (USN) Midn. 1 Mar 25. Lt. 3 Mar 36. Cdr. 14 Sep 55. Resigned 19 Jan 61. (CSN) Cdr. 26 Mar 61. CSS Savannah (1864).

Brown, Isaac N.: (USN) Midn. 15 Mar 34. Lt. 31 Oct 46. Dismissed 25 Apr 61. (CSN) Lt. 6 Jun 61. Cdr. 15 May 63. CSS Arkansas (May-Jul 62), CSS Charleston (late 63-1865?).

Buchanan, Franklin: (USN) Midn. 28 Jan 15. Lt. 13 Jan 25. Cdr. 8 Sep 41. Capt. 14 Sep 55. Dismissed 22 May 61. (CSN) Capt. 5 Sep 61. Admiral 2 Jun 64. Died 11 May 74. CSS Virginia (Feb-Mar 62).

Carter, Jonathan H.: (USN) Midn. 12 Mar 40. Lt. 14 Sep 55. Dismissed 25 Apr 61. (CSN) Lt. 27 Apr 61. Died 1887. CSS Missouri (1863-Jun 65).

Cooke, James Wallace: (USN) Midn. 1 Apr 28. Lt. 25 Feb 41. Resigned 2 May 61. (CSN) Lt. 11 Jun 61. Cdr. 13 May 63. Capt. 10 Jun 64. Died 1869. CSS Albemarle (early-Jun 64).

Dozier, William Gaillard: (USN) Midn. 1 Apr 50. Lt. 19 Jul 59. Resigned 21 Dec 60. (CSN) Lt. 26 Mar 61. CSS Chicora (1863).

Dunnington, John W.: (USN) Midn. 10 Apr 49. Lt. 16 Oct 56. Resigned 26 Apr 61. (CSN) Lt. 2 May 61. CSS Virginia II (early 65).

Glassell, William T.: (USN) Midn. 15 Mar 48. Lt. 16 Sep 55. Dismissed 6 Dec 61. (CSN) Lt. 5 Aug 62. Cdr. 5 Oct 63. Died 28 Feb 79. CSS Fredericksburg (early 65).

Gwathmey, Washington: (USN) Midn. 21 Jul 32. Lt. 28 Jun 43. Dismissed 17 Apr 61. (CSN) Lt. 20 Apr 61. CSS Georgia (1863-1864).

Hunter, Thomas T.: (USN) Midn. 1 Jul 28. Lt. 25 Feb 41. Cdr. 23 Dec 56. Dismissed 23 Apr 61. (CSN) Cdr. 10 Jun 61. CSS Chicora (late 63-Feb 65).

Johnston, James D.: (USN) Midn. 30 Jun 32. Lt. 24 Jun 43. Resigned 10 Apr 61. (CSN) Lt. 13 Apr 61. Cdr. 4 Oct 63. CSS Baltic (1861-1863), CSS Tennessee (mid 64), CSS Richmond (early 65).

Jones, Catesby ap R.: (USN) Midn. 18 Jun 36. Lt. 12 May 49. Resigned 17 Apr 61. (CSN) Lt. 23 Apr 61. Cdr. 29 Apr 63. Died 1877. CSS Virginia (Mar-Apr 62).

Jones, J. Pembroke: (USN) Midn. 19 Oct 41. Lt. 14 Sep 55. Dismissed 29 Apr 61. (CSN) Lt. 2 May 61. CSS North Carolina (1864), CSS Raleigh (1864).

Kell, John McIntosh: (USN) Midn. 9 Sep 41. Lt. 15 Sep 55. Resigned 23 Jan 61. (CSN) Lt. 26 Mar 61. Cdr. 4 Oct 63. Died 5 Oct 1900. CSS Richmond (Mar-Apr 65).

Loyall, Benjamin Pollard (USN) Midn. 5 Mar 49. Lt. 28 Jan 56. Dismissed 5 Oct 61. (CSN) Lt. 26 Nov 61. Cdr. 2 Feb 64. CSS Neuse (Apr 64-Aug 64).

McBlair, Charles H.: (USN) Midn. 4 Mar 23. Lt. 12 Jul 31. Cdr. 18 Apr 55. Resigned 22 Apr 61. (CSN) Cdr. 19 Oct 61. CSS Tuscaloosa (late 64).

McBlair, William: (USN) Midn. 16 Nov 24. Lt. 31 Dec 33. Cdr. 14 Sep 55. Dismissed 20 Apr 61. (CSN) Cdr. 10 Jun 61. Died 16 Feb 63. CSS Atlanta (late 62-Feb 63).

McIntosh, Charles F.: (USN) Midn. 1 Nov 28. Lt. 25 Feb 41. Cdr. 2 Mar 57. Dismissed 20 Apr 61. (CSN) Lt. 13 Jun 61. Died 17 May 62. CSS Louisiana (Apr 62).

Maffitt, John Newland: (USN) Midn. 25 Feb 32. Lt. 25 Jun 48. Resigned 2 May 61. (CSN) Lt. 9 May 61. Cdr. 29 Apr 63. Died 15 May 86. CSS Albemarle (mid 64).

Maury, William Lewis: (USN) Midn. 2 Feb 29. Lt. 26 Feb 41. Resigned 20 Apr 61. (CSN) Lt. 10 Jun 61. Cdr. 17 Feb 63. CSS North Carolina (mid 64).

Muse, William T.: (USN) Midn. 1 Jun 28. Lt. 29 Dec 40. Cdr. 14 Sep 55. Dismissed 2 Apr 61. (CSN) Cdr. 24 Jun 61. CSS North Carolina (1864).

Myers, Julian: (USN) Midn. 2 Mar 39. Lt. 20 Sep 54. Dismissed 6 Dec 61. (CSN) Lt. 6 Feb 62. CSS Huntsville (1863-Apr 65).

Page, Richard Lucian: (USN) Midn. 1 Mar 24. Lt. 26 Mar 34. Cdr. 14 Sep 55. Dismissed 18 Apr 61. (CSN) Cdr. 10 Jun 61. Appointed brigadier general, CS Army, 1864. Died 9 Aug 1901. CSS Savannah (1863).

Page, Thomas Jefferson: (USN) Midn. 1 Oct 27. Lt. 20 Dec 39. Cdr. 14 Sep 55. Dismissed 22 Apr 61. (CSN) Cdr. 10 Jun 61. Capt. 13 May 63. CSS Stonewall (late 64-May 65).

Pegram, Robert B.: (USN) Midn. 2 Feb 29. Lt. 8 Sep 41. Dismissed 17 Apr 61. (CSN) Lt. 10 Jun 61. Cdr. 13 Sep 62. CSS Richmond (late 62-1864), CSS Virginia II (1864).

Pelot, Thomas P.: (USN) Midn. 2 Jun 49. Lt. 1 Jan 57. Resigned 11 Jan 61. (CSN) Lt. 26 Mar 61. CSS Georgia (1862-1863).

Pinkney, Robert F.: (USN) Midn. 1 Dec 27. Lt. 28 Feb 38. Cdr. 14 Sep 55. Resigned 23 Apr 61. (CSN) Cdr. 24 Jun 61. Capt. 13 May 63. CSS Savannah (1863-1864).

Price, Joseph H.: Resigned from US Revenue Service, served in CS Army. (CSN) Lt. 29 Apr 63. Cdr. 12 Jul 64. CSS Neuse (Aug 64-Mar 65).

Rochelle, James Henry: (USN) Midn. 9 Sep 41. Lt. 15 Sep 55. Dismissed 17 Apr 61. (CSN) Lt. 6 Jun 61. CSS Palmetto State (Apr 64-Feb 65).

Rootes, Thomas R.: (USN) Midn. 1 Mar 27. Lt. 28 Feb 38. Cdr. 14 Sep 55. Dismissed 19 Apr 61. (CSN) Cdr. 10 Jun 61. CSS Fredericksburg (late 64-early 65).

Rutledge, John: (USN) Midn. 9 Apr 35. Lt. 7 Jan 49. Resigned 23 Feb 61. (CSN) Lt. 26 Mar 61. CSS Palmetto State (late 62-early 64).

Shepperd, Francis Edgar: (USN) Midn. 16 Oct 49. Lt. 1 Jan 57. Dismissed 8 Jul 61. (CSN) Lt. 15 Jul 61. CSS Fredericksburg (1864).

Simms, Charles Carroll: (USN) Midn. 9 Oct 39. Lt. 12 Aug 54. Dismissed 22 Apr 61. (CSN) Lt. 10 Jun 61. CSS Nashville (late 64).

Sinclair, Arthur: (USN) Midn. 4 Mar 23. Lt. 3 Mar 35. Cdr. 14 Sep 55. Dismissed 18 Apr 61. (CSN) Cdr. 10 Jun 61. Drowned in sinking of blockade runner Leila 14 Jan 65. CSS Atlanta (Feb-May 63).

Stevens, Henry K.: (USN) Midn. 2 Mar 39. Lt. 16 Jan 54. Dismissed 30 Sep 61. (CSN) Lt. 26 Nov 61. Killed in battle 14 Jan 63. CSS Arkansas (Jul-Aug 62).

Tattnall, Josiah: (USN) Midn. 1 Jan 12. Lt. 1 Apr 18. Cdr. 25 Feb 38. Capt. 5 Feb 50. Resigned 21 Feb 61. (CSN) Capt. 26 Mar 61. Died 14 Jun 71. CSS Virginia (Apr-May 62).

Tucker, John Randolph: (USN) Midn. 1 Jun 26. Lt. 20 Dec 37. Cdr. 14 Sep 55. Dismissed 18 Apr 61. (CSN) Cdr. 6 Jun 61. Died 12 Jun 83. CSS Chicora (late 62-1863).

Warley, Alexander F.: (USN) Midn. 17 Feb 40. Lt. 14 Sep 55. Resigned 24 Dec 60. (CSN) Lt. 26 Mar 61. CSS Manassas (Oct 61-Apr 62), CSS Chicora (1863), CSS Albemarle (mid-Oct 64).

Webb, William A.: (USN) Midn. 26 Jan 38. Lt. 12 Jun 54. Resigned 17 May 61. (CSN) Lt. 10 Jun 61. Cdr. 29 Apr 63. CSS Atlanta (May-Jun 63), CSS Richmond (1864).

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