Whatever Happened To... ?

Confederate Ironclads

  • CSS Albemarle, Albemarle type. Sunk by spar torpedo in Roanoke River near Plymouth NC 28 Oct 1864 (0 killed). Raised by Union 21 Apr 1865. Sold to be broken up 15 Oct 1867.
  • CSS Arkansas, Arkansas type. Destroyed to prevent capture above Baton Rouge LA 6 Aug 1862. Wreck located in 1981 under a rock levee at Baton Rouge.
  • CSS Atlanta. Captured by USS Weehawken and Nahant in Wassaw Sound near Savannah River 17 Jun 1863, taken into Union service; see USS Atlanta.
  • CSS Baltic. Armor removed Jul 1864. Surrendered at Nanna Hubba Bluff in Tombigbee River AL 10 May 1865. Sold to be broken up 31 Dec 1865.
  • CSS Charleston. Destroyed to prevent capture in Cooper River above Charleston Harbor 18 Feb 1865. Wreck removed shortly after 1870.
  • "Cheops," Stonewall type. Never delivered to the Confederacy; sold to Prussia 29 Oct 1865, named Prinz Adalbert. Sold to be broken up 1878.
  • CSS Chicora, 150' type. Destroyed to prevent capture in Cooper River above Charleston Harbor 18 Feb 1865. Wreck removed shortly after 1870.
  • CSS Columbia. Ran hard aground on a sunken wreck near Fort Moultrie in Charleston Harbor on 12 Jan 1865. Refloated by Union 26 Apr 1865. Sold to be broken up 10 Oct 1867.
  • CSS Eastport. Captured by Union while still incomplete 8 Feb 1862; see USS Eastport.
  • CSS Fredericksburg. Destroyed to prevent capture in James River near Drewry's Bluff 4 Apr 1865. Wreck still partially existing.
  • CSS Georgia. Scuttled to prevent capture near Old Fort Jackson below Savannah 20 Dec 1864. Wreck still exists in poor to fair condition and some artifacts have been recovered.
  • CSS Huntsville, Huntsville type. Scuttled in Spanish River above Mobile Bay 12 Apr 1865. Further fate unknown.
  • CSS Jackson ("Muscogee"). Destroyed to prevent capture in Chattahoochee River 17 Apr 1865. Wreck raised in 1963 and is on display at Woodruff Museum (Confederate Naval Museum) in Columbus GA.
  • CSS Louisiana. Destroyed to prevent capture near Fort St. Philip below New Orleans 28 Apr 1862. Wreck magnetically located 1981.
  • CSS Manassas. Disabled, abandoned, burned, and sunk at the passing of the New Orleans forts 24 Apr 1862 (0 killed). Wreck magnetically located 1981.
  • CSS Milledgeville. Destroyed to prevent capture when nearly complete near Savannah 20 Dec 1864. Further fate unknown.
  • CSS Mississippi, "Laird ram." Seized prior to completion by UK 9 Oct 1863; entered service with Royal Navy as HMS Wivern. Sold to be broken up 1922.
  • CSS Mississippi. Burned and set adrift from New Orleans before completion 25 Apr 1862. Hulk floated down to Southwest Pass and grounded. Salvaged by Union and taken to Brooklyn Navy Yard for scrapping.
  • CSS Missouri. Surrendered at Alexandria LA 3 Jun 1865. Sold to be broken up 29 Nov 1865.
  • CSS Mobile. Destroyed before completion at Yazoo City MS 21 May 1863.
  • CSS Nashville. Surrendered at Nanna Hubba Bluff in Tombigbee River AL 10 May 1865. Sold to be broken up 22 Nov 1867.
  • CSS Neuse, Albemarle type. Destroyed to prevent capture in Neuse River near Kinston NC 14 Mar 1865. Wreck raised in 1964, on display at Kinston NC.
  • CSS North Carolina, "Laird ram." Seized prior to completion by UK 9 Oct 1863; entered service with Royal Navy as HMS Scorpion. Sunk as target ship at Bermuda 1901; further fate unknown.
  • CSS North Carolina, 150' type. Accidentally sank at moorings off Smithville NC (present day Southport) 27 Sep 1864. Partially salvaged by Confederates during war and again in 1868. Hulk burned 7 Sep 1871. Fragments still exist on bottom.
  • CSS Palmetto State, 150' type. Destroyed to prevent capture at mouth of Town Creek above Charleston Harbor 18 Feb 1865. Wreck removed prior to 1870.
  • CSS Raleigh, 150' type. Ran hard aground in Cape Fear River near New Inlet 7 May 1864. Wreck salvaged by Confederates. Fragments still exist on bottom.
  • CSS Richmond, 150' type. Destroyed to prevent capture in James River near Chaffin's Bluff 3 Apr 1865. Wreck still partially existing.
  • "Santa Maria" or "Frigate No. 61." Never delivered to Confederacy; sold to Denmark December 1863, named Danmark. Sold to be broken up 1907.
  • CSS Savannah, 150' type. Destroyed to prevent capture near Savannah 21 Dec 1864. Further fate unknown.
  • CSS Stonewall, Stonewall type. Sold to the Spanish Captain-General of Cuba at end of the war, turned over to USA. Sold to Shogun of Japan, renamed Kotetsu, arrived at Yokohama 24 Apr 1868, seized by Imperial forces. Service in Japanese Civil War (Meiji Restoration). Renamed Adzuma, 1871. Discarded 1888. Broken up 1908.
  • CSS Tennessee, Arkansas type. Destroyed before completion at Memphis 5 Jun 1862.
  • CSS Tennessee. Captured at Battle of Mobile Bay 5 Aug 1864, taken into Union service; see USS Tennessee.
  • CSS Texas. Never completed.
  • CSS Tuscaloosa, Huntsville type. Scuttled in Spanish River above Mobile Bay 12 Apr 1865. Further fate unknown.
  • CSS Virginia II. Destroyed to prevent capture in James River near Drewry's Bluff 3 Apr 1865. Wreck still partially existing.
  • CSS Virginia. Destroyed to prevent capture near Craney Island VA 11 May 1862. Remains removed in 1870s.
  • CSS Wilmington. Destroyed before completion Jan 1865.

    Union Ironclads

  • USS Agamenticus, Monadnock Class. Survived war. Renamed Terror 15 May 1869. Sold to be broken up 1874.
  • USS Ajax (ex-Manayunk), Canonicus Class. Commissioned after war's end. Sold to be broken up 10 Oct 1899.
  • USS Atlanta (ex-CSS Atlanta). Survived war. Sold to Haiti 4 May 1869, renamed Triumph. Lost at sea off Cape Hatteras Dec 1869. Wreck has never been located.
  • USS Baron de Kalb (ex-St. Louis), "City" Class. Struck a mine and sank in Yazoo River 13 Jul 1863 (0 killed). Wreck partially salvaged during war. Recently located, plans underway for partial salvage.
  • USS Benton. Survived war. Sold to be broken up 29 Nov 1865.
  • USS Cairo, "City" Class. Survived war. Stuck a mine and sank in Yazoo River 12 Dec 1862 (0 killed). Wreck located in 1956 and raised in 1965; from 1980 on display at Vicksburg MS.
  • USS Camanche, Passaic Class. Survived war. Sold to be broken up 15 Feb 1899.
  • USS Canonicus, Canonicus Class. Survived war. Sold to be broken up 19 Feb 1908.
  • USS Carondelet, "City" Class. Survived war. Sold to be broken up 29 Nov 1865. Hull used as wharfboat on Ohio River until washed downstream in a flood Apr 1873. Remains destroyed by dredge 1982.
  • USS Casco, Casco Class. Completed as torpedo boat. Renamed Hero 15 Jun 1869. Sold to be broken up 1 Apr 1875.
  • USS Catawba, Canonicus Class. Never commissioned. Sold to Peru, renamed Atahualpa. Service in War of the Pacific. Scuttled at Callao 16 Jan 1880. Raised 1880 and hulked; discarded about 1910.
  • USS Catskill, Passaic Class. Survived war. Sold to be broken up 4 Dec 1901.
  • USS Chickasaw, Milwaukee Class. Survived war. Sold 12 Sep 74 at New Orleans to the New Orleans Pacific Railroad. Acquired by the Texas & Pacific Railroad in 1881 and converted to a sidewheel railroad ferry. Renamed Gouldsboro 1882. Rebuilt twice between 1881 and 1938; hull virtually replaced 1910. Active until 1941. Some discussion about making the ship into a museum at Mobile AL but nothing came of it; broken up 1944.
  • USS Chillicothe. Survived war. Sold to be broken up 29 Nov 1865.
  • USS Chimo, Casco Class. Completed as torpedo boat. Renamed Piscataqua 10 Aug 1869. Sold to be broken up 1874.
  • USS Choctaw. Survived war. Sold to be broken up 28 Mar 1866.
  • USS Cincinnati, "City" Class. Rammed and sunk at Battle of Plum Point Bend, 10 May 1862 (1 killed). Raised and repaired. Sunk by gunfire from Vicksburg 27 May 1863 (18 killed). Raised and repaired. Survived war. Sold to be broken up 28 Mar 1866; hull sank near Cache River below Mound City IL in 1866, further fate unknown.
  • USS Cohoes, Casco Class. Never commissioned. Sold to be broken up Jul 1874.
  • USS Dictator. Survived war. Sold to be broken up 27 Sep 1883.
  • USS Dunderberg. Never commissioned. Repurchased by builder 2 Mar 1867, sold to France July 1867, renamed Rochambeau. Sold to be broken up 1874.
  • USS Eastport. Captured incomplete from Confederacy and completed by Union. Destroyed to prevent capture in Red River 26 Apr 1864. Recently located.
  • USS Essex (ex-New Era). Survived war. Sold to be broken up 29 Nov 1865.
  • USS Etlah, Casco Class. Never commissioned. Sold to be broken up 12 Sep 1874.
  • USS Galena. Armor removed mid-1863, recommissioned as a wooden sloop. Survived war. Sold to be broken up 1872.
  • USS Indianola. Rammed and sunk near New Carthage MS 24 Feb 1863 (1 killed). Wreck refloated by Union forces 5 Jan 1865, sold to be broken up 19 Nov 1865.
  • USS Iris (ex-Shiloh), Casco Class. Sold to be broken up 1874.
  • USS Kalamazoo, Kalamazoo Class. Never completed.
  • USS Keokuk. Sank off Charleston 8 Apr 1863 after being struck over 90 times the previous day (0 killed). Both XI-inch Dahlgrens salvaged by Confederates 1 and 5 May 1863. Wreck probably still exists under silt off Sullivan's Island; one Dahlgren on display at White Point Gardens (Battery Park) in Charleston.
  • USS Kickapoo, Milwaukee Class. Survived war. Sold to be broken up 12 Sep 1874.
  • USS Klamath, Casco Class. Never commissioned. Sold to be broken up 12 Sep 1874.
  • USS Koka, Casco Class. Never commissioned. Sold to be broken up Oct 1874.
  • USS Lafayette. Survived war. Sold to be broken up 28 Mar 1866.
  • USS Lehigh, Passaic Class. Survived war. Sold to be broken up 14 Apr 1904.
  • USS Louisville, "City" Class. Survived war. Sold to be broken up 29 Nov 1865.
  • USS Mahopac, Canonicus Class. Survived war. Sold to be broken up 25 Mar 1902.
  • USS Manhattan, Canonicus Class. Survived war. Sold to be broken up 24 Mar 1902.
  • USS Marietta, Marietta Class. Never commissioned. Sold to be broken up 12 Apr 1873.
  • USS Miantonomoh, Monadnock Class. Commissioned after war's end. Sold to be broken up 1874.
  • USS Milwaukee, Milwaukee Class. Struck a mine and sank in Blakely River above Mobile Bay 28 Mar 1865 (0 killed). Wreck raised 1868 and scrapped; some iron may have been used to build Eads Bridge at St. Louis.
  • USS Modoc, Casco Class. Completed as torpedo boat. Never commissioned. Sold to be broken up Aug 1875.
  • USS Monadnock, Monadnock Class. Survived war. Sold to be broken up 1874.
  • USS Monitor. Sank in gale off Cape Hatteras, 31 Dec 1862 (16 killed). Wreck located September 1973, some artifacts recovered. Upside down and not in good condition.
  • USS Montauk, Passaic Class. Survived war. Sold to be broken up 14 Apr 1904.
  • USS Mound City, "City" Class. Survived war. Sold to be broken up 9 Nov 1865.
  • USS Nahant, Passaic Class. Survived war. Sold to be broken up 16 Apr 1904.
  • USS Nantucket, Passaic Class. Survived war. Sold to be broken up 14 Nov 1900.
  • USS Napa, Casco Class. Completed as torpedo boat. Never commissioned. Sold to be broken up 1875.
  • USS Naubuc, Casco Class. Completed as torpedo boat. Renamed Minnetonka 10 Aug 1869. Sold to be broken up 1875.
  • USS Nausett, Casco Class. Sold to be broken up Aug 1875.
  • USS Neosho, Neosho Class. Survived war. Renamed Osceola 10 Aug 1869. Sold to be broken up 17 Aug 1873.
  • USS New Ironsides. Survived war. Caught fire and burned up at League Island Navy Yard 16 Mar 1866 (0 killed). Remains sold to be broken up May 1867.
  • USS Oneota, Canonicus Class. Never commissioned. Sold to Peru 2 Apr 1868, renamed Manco Capac. Service in War of the Pacific. Scuttled at Arica 7 Jun 1880.
  • USS Onondaga. Survived war. Repurchased by builder 2 Mar 1867, sold to France. Sold to be broken up 1903.
  • USS Osage, Neosho Class. Struck a mine and sank in Blakely River above Mobile Bay 29 Mar 1865 (4 killed). Raised after war. Hull sold 22 Nov 1867, became merchant ship. Possibly sunk in Sodo Lake near Shreveport LA May 1870. Further fate unknown.
  • USS Ozark. Survived war. Sold to be broken up 29 Nov 1865.
  • USS Passaconaway, Kalamazoo Class. Never completed.
  • USS Passaic, Passaic Class. Survived war. Sold to be broken up 10 Oct 1899.
  • USS Patapsco, Passaic Class. Struck a mine and sank in Charleston Harbor 15 Jan 1865 (62 killed). Hulk blasted by wreckers prior to 1870 and possibly again after 1870. Some scattered remains probably still exist between Forts Sumter and Moultrie.
  • USS Pittsburg, "City" Class. Survived war. Sold to be broken up 29 Nov 1865. Hull used as wharfboat; abandoned on rock bar above Smithland KY Jun 1870; further fate unknown.
  • USS Puritan. Never completed.
  • USS Quinsigamond, Kalamazoo Class. Never completed.
  • USS Roanoke. Survived war. Sold to be broken up 27 Sep 1883.
  • USS Sandusky, Marietta Class. Never commissioned. Sold to be broken up 12 Apr 1873.
  • USS Sangamon, Passaic Class. Survived war. Sold to be broken up 16 Apr 1904.
  • USS Saugus, Canonicus Class. Survived war. Sold to be broken up 15 Mar 1891.
  • USS Shackamaxon, Kalamazoo Class. Never completed.
  • USS Shawnee, Casco Class. Sold to be broken up Aug 1875.
  • USS Squando, Casco Class. Renamed Algoma 10 Aug 1869. Sold to be broken up 1 Jul 1874.
  • "Stevens Battery." Never completed.
  • USS Suncook, Casco Class. Sold to be broken up Aug 1875.
  • USS Tecumseh, Canonicus Class. Struck a mine and sank at entrance to Mobile Bay 5 Aug 1864 (93 killed). Wreck located mid-1960s, some artifacts recovered. Mostly intact, though with a hole in the port bow and filled with mud and silt.
  • USS Tennessee (ex-CSS Tennessee). Survived war. Sold to be broken up 27 Nov 1867.
  • USS Tonawanda, Monadnock Class. Commissioned after war's end. Renamed Amphitrite 15 May 1869. Sold to be broken up 1874.
  • USS Tunxis, Casco Class. Renamed Otsego 10 Aug 1869. Sold to be broken up 1874.
  • USS Tuscumbia. Survived war. Sold to be broken up 29 Nov 1865.
  • USS Umpqua, Casco Class. Never commissioned. Sold to be broken up 12 Sep 1874.
  • USS Wassuc, Casco Class. Never commissioned. Sold to be broken up 9 Sep 1875.
  • USS Waxsaw, Casco Class. Never commissioned. Renamed Niobe 15 Jun 1869. Sold to be broken up 25 Aug 1875.
  • USS Weehawken, Passaic Class. Accidentally sank near Charleston 6 Dec 1863 (31 killed). Wreckers salvaged engines and destroyed turret and pilothouse prior to 1870; remainder of wreck removed after 1870.
  • USS Winnebago, Milwaukee Class. Survived war. Sold to be broken up 12 Sep 1874.
  • USS Wyandotte (ex-Tippecanoe), Canonicus Class. Commissioned atfer war's end. Sold to be broken up 17 Jan 1899.
  • USS Yazoo, Casco Class. Never commissioned. Sold to be broken up 5 Sep 1874.
  • USS Yuma, Casco Class. Never commissioned. Sold to be broken up 12 Sep 1874.

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